Is Rights of Nature actually enacted anywhere? Is it really possible to enact laws recognizing rights of plants, animals, rivers and ecosystems?


Yes it is. Our community rights efforts are part of a growing worldwide effort to establish laws that protect nature. These laws can protect rivers, watersheds, individual species or broader ecosystems. For example: a) municipalities in the U.S., including Pittsburgh, Toledo, and Santa Monica, have recently passed Rights of Nature laws to help protect human and non-human communities. b) Ecuador, Bolivia and Mexico City now protect Rights of Nature in their constitutions. c) New Zealand treaty agreements have declared a river, national park, and sacred mountain as legal entities with “all the rights of a legal person.” and d) the White Earth Band of Ojibwe in Minnesota which adopted the Rights of Manoomin (wild rice) law in December 2018 to help protect it from polluted water.